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Windhund Arena

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Windhund Arena

Sportplatz an der Windhund Arena - Hünstetten-Limbach. Anschrift. Sportplatz an der Windhund Arena Am Hümes Hünstetten-Limbach. Über das Training am Sonntag, , gibt es nicht viel zu berichten, denn "nur" 40 Windhunde hatten den Weg in die Windhund-Arena gefunden. Alle Läufe. Webseite Windhund Arena Hünstetten. KUNDE Windhund-Rennverein Untertaunus-Hünstetten e.V., Hünstetten. BRANCHE Windhunde. SKILLS Photoshop.

Windhund-Arena "Hünstetten"

Windhund-Arena Schweiz AG in Gossau SG - Handelsregister, Bonitätsprüfung, Management, Kennzahlen, Kontakt und News. Pflegemittel und Tierbedarf für ihr Haustier vom Fachhandel geliefert. Windhund-Arena "Hünstetten". June 21, June 21, erwin · Track surface: sand. hunstetten. Bookmark. Contact Information. B, Hünstetten, Hessen.

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Windhund Festival Donaueschingen 2012

Windhund Arena Windhund Rennverein Kleindöttingen. 1, likes. Stadium, Arena & Sports VenueFollowers: K. ccrevite.com Get Directions. By car By public transit Walking Bicycling. Post navigation. Windhundrenn- und coursingverein Saar Pfalz, “Landstuhl”. Liebe Mitglieder, liebe Windhundfreunde, die Rennsaison neigt sich allmählich dem Ende zu, wir haben eine ereignisreiche Saison hinter uns und bereiten uns jetzt auf . The Toilettenpapier Wiki of the Sea. Kaupinkatu, Tampere, Houston To Dallas One-Way. Windhundfreunde "Mertingen". Wikimedia Commons.
Windhund Arena
Windhund Arena Über das Training am Sonntag, , gibt es nicht viel zu berichten, denn "nur" 40 Windhunde hatten den Weg in die Windhund-Arena gefunden. Alle Läufe. ccrevite.com Stadion, Arena, Sportstätte. Preisspanne · €€. Seitentransparenz. Facebook möchte mit diesen Informationen transparenter. Windhund-Arena Hünstetten. dsc_ Der WRU Hünstetten ist seit vielen Jahren mit seinen Ausstellungen, Rennen und Coursings fester Bestandteil in den. Es ist wie die Ruhe vor dem Sturm in der Windhund-Arena Hünstetten. Wo am darauffolgenden Tag Windhunde in ihren jeweiligen. Windhundzeitung. 1,2 E ember kedveli. ccrevite.com - Gleich das Wochenende nach dem ersten Besuch ging es wieder nach Hünstetten um zu testen ob es Tristan weiterhin Spaß auf der Windhund-Rennbahn. - Dank Sparringspartnerin lief Tristan hier seine erste komplette Runde auf der Windhund Arena Hünstetten. alphavto uploaded a video 9 years ago Windhundrennverein Kurpfalz Oberhausen e.V., Oberhausen-Rheinhausen. To se mi líbí. Der Windhund-Rennverein Kurpfalz e.V. (WRV-Kurpfalz) ist ein Windhundverein mit einer wunderschönen Anlage. Windhund Rennverein Kleindöttingen. 1 To se mi líbí · Mluví o tom (1). Stadion, aréna a sportovní areál. Die Entscheidung das Abschlusstraining vorzuziehen, kann ich aufgrund der immer brisanter werdenden Corona Toilettenpapier Wiki nur zu gut verstehen. Gefällt Mal. Versuche in dem Fall, deinen Browser neu zu starten.
Windhund Arena

SГdlich Windhund Arena Zehlendorf ging die Strecke weiter durch die? - Anfahrt / Karte

Ein Hundefriseur, Zahnsteinentfernung und zahlreiche angebotene Accessoires tragen zum guten Aussehen der Tiere bei, sind aber für die Beurteilung unerheblich.

The Bible reveals man to himself, and declares God's estimate of sin. It cannot cover over the foulest evil with a cloak of social propriety.

The horrible things must be exposed in the interest of purity, that they may be denounced, and the doers of them put to shame.

It should inspire trust. For "he is a Shield to them that put their trust in him. The purity of this light is a security against danger.

It will not allure us into error, and it will not permit us to live in sin unrebuked and unwarned. Therefore the light is guiding, healing, saving.

With such a revelation we can afford to endure the insoluble character of great mysteries of theology. When vexed, perplexed, and wearied out, we can turn to the God who has thus made himself known to us, and quietly rest in his sheltering care.

It should also inspire reverere. This is a great warning that men have rarely heeded. We may think and utter our thoughts.

But the fatal mistake is when we put forth our speculations as though they were a part of God's revelation. This is a common sin of authoritative theology.

Men's opinions—harmless enough in themselves, perhaps—have been added to the Scripture truths, and set before the world as unquestionable and Divine.

The interpretation of Scripture has been made as sacred as the text. Church dogma has claimed Divine authority. This is adding to God's words, and the danger of it is.

Neither poverty nor riches. A wise man here points out the danger of the two extremes of poverty and riches, and seeks for himself the happier middle position.

In the present day the enormous wealth of one class and the hard penury of another suggest serious social questions, and raise alarms as to great possible dangers unless the terrible anomaly of this artificial condition is not remedied.

The thought is of extreme poverty, of absolute destitution, or. Now, what is to be remarked here is that the great evil of excessive poverty pointed out in the passage before us is moral in character.

The sufferings of perjury are sad to contemplate. Those of us who have never known what it is to be really hungry cannot understand the pangs of the starving.

More tearful must be the trouble of parents who see their children crying for bread and cannot satisfy them. Yet the worst evil is not this suffering; it is the moral degradation that follows it.

Wolf-like hunger assimilates its victims to the nature of the wolf. It is hard to be honest when in want of food. The temptations of the poor are frightful to contemplate.

It is wonderful that there is so little crime, seeing that there is so much poverty. The grinding cares of poverty tend to wear the soul out, and blind its vision to spiritual truth.

The patience and good behaviour of the dumb, suffering multitudes of the distressed is indeed a sight to move our sympathy and excite our admiration.

The temptation of riches is not very unlike that of poverty in its character, but more deadly. Both extremes tempt to worldliness—poverty to worldly care, riches to worldly satisfaction.

The "care of this world" and "the deceitfulness of riches" stand together as the thorns that choke the good seed Matthew But riches goes further.

It tempts a man to dispense with God. Poverty tempts to theft, often, indeed, with extenuating circumstances.

But riches tempts to scornful atheism. Christ saw this danger when he said, "How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of Grail" Mark On the other hand, when we see rich men who have conquered the exceptional temptations of their position, and who live a humble and useful Christian life, devoting their talents to the service of Christ, we should acknowledge that such victors over the world are deserving of especial honour.

We are here reminded of Aristotle's doctrine of "the mean. The lowering of the standard of right and wrong that comes from the peace-loving tendency to accept a compromise is disastrous to all conscientious conduct.

But now we have to do with a middle course between two external states, both of which are dangerous. If Christian people understood their mission in the world aright, in its breath and humanity, they would know that the call to preach the gospel of the kingdom includes the inculcation of those social principles which tens to blot out the present ugly picture of extreme poverty set off by extreme wealth.

A life that is neither crushed by care nor intoxicated by riches is the life in which it is least difficult to serve God and do right.

Therefore we should labour to help on a state of society in which more of such lives will be possible. Self-deception in regard to the guilt of sin is the most common delusion of minds that have not been spiritually enlightened.

However much men may know and acknowledge about themselves in other respects, on this vital point they are most tempted to go astray.

People have strong motives to think well of themselves. Conscience is so powerful and urgent that few men are able to brave a confession of sin before its awful bar, and yet continue in the practice of sin with equanimity.

For the sake of the peace of his mind, everybody naturally desires to stand well with his own conscience. Therefore there is a strong motive to lie to it, hoodwink it, cajole it; or, if these measures fail, to gag it, drown it, brand, or crush, or stamp it out—if possible to murder it.

Pride also makes a man desire his own self-approval. The "lofty eyes" are disinclined to see any evil within. It is inwardly humbling to hear, amidst the plaudits of a bamboozled world, a keen inner voice exclaiming, "Thou art a hypocrite, a liar, a knave!

Fear of coming judgment drives a man into a refuge of lies rather than to remain out in the open, exposed to the pitiless storm. It is absurd, ostrich-like to hide one's head in the sand; but men are not always logical in their conduct.

The feeling of danger disappears when a man persuades himself that he is innocent. It springs from inclination.

The temptation to flatter one's self helps to produce the delusion. Thus "the wish is father to the thought. It is aided by a low standard of morals.

Only when such a standard is prevalent and accepted will any sinful generation be capable of appearing pure in its own eyes.

The higher the standard, the greater the feeling of guilt. Therefore the most holy men, being also the most spiritually enlightened, have the deepest consciousness of sin.

It is further encouraged by the example of others. There is a whole "generation" of these self-deluded people. Each man finds his neighbour as bad as himself.

A single black sheep in the fold is marked by contrast with its fellows, and cannot but acknowledge its abnormal colour, but a whole flock of black sheep may readily forget that it is not white.

The generation is pure in its own eyes, but it is not washed from its filthiness. Self-deception does not cleanse. It only asserts what is false; it goes no way to make its assertion true.

It rather tends the other way, because there can be no effectual cleansing of the soul without confession and repentance. It does not hide sin.

It is not even a cloak thrown over what remains as foul as ever, though no longer visible. The generation may walk with lofty eyes, but its pride only deludes itself.

Others can see the shame in spite of all the guilty people's loud protestations. Self-deception does not lead to a deluding of God.

Self-deception must be exposed and punished. It is itself sinful. For the sinner to walk with a lofty gait is for him to court his doom. The safer course is to follow the example of the publican, who would not so much as lift up his eyes to heaven while he smote his breast and cried, "God be merciful to me a sinner!

The mystery of love. The ship cuts the surface for a moment, and then the waves roll over its path, and in a short time every trace of its passage is lost in the wash of the waters.

So it is with the fourth mystery. The course of human love cannot be predicted or explained. It cannot be made to follow rule and precedent or to correspond to fond parental wishes.

Love will go its own way free as the eagle in the air, unsuspected as the serpent on the rock, untracked as the ship in the sea.

The three earlier wonders lead on to the fourth, and help to give colour and weight to it. The whole sentence thus gathers up its force into a climax.

Nothing is so wonderful in the natural world as the great mystery of love. This may take three forms—.

Love can never be coerced. A forced marriage cannot be a love match. It is natural that man and maid should learn to love one another of their own accord, by the drawing of mutual sympathy.

Friends may guide, warn, encourage, or hinder. But a matter which concerns the lifelong happiness of two souls cannot be well arranged by worldly contrivances.

Nevertheless, love that is untamed and utterly uncontrolled may lead to frightful mistakes, to folly and sin and shame.

The eagle is a wild and dangerous bird—a terror to the helpless lamb. Love becomes a cursed thing, near to hatred, when it is no better than a wild, unfettered passion.

This is a very ugly picture, from which we start back shuddering and in horror. There is a snake-like cunning in selfish lust that wickedly usurps the sacred name of love, when it is really the very incarnation of hellish venom, seeking to allure its prey to destruction.

All low, carnal lust is of the type of the serpent. The wild passion that follows the eagle's flight may be dangerous, but the cold, loveless course of deliberate vice is deadly as that of a viper.

The ship is a home on the waters. She carries freight and passengers—wealth and life. She sails from one port and she seeks another in a far-off land.

But she cannot see her distant haven; she knows not what fierce tempests she may have to encounter; her way is uncertain and dangerous. Married life is a voyage over unknown waters.

But where there is true love the vessel is well ballasted; she carries a cargo richer than untold ingots of gold; her crew work peacefully without fear of mutiny.

Under such circumstances, though there is mystery, hearts that trust in God need fear no shipwreck of love and happiness. Four weak things, and the greatness of them.

The four little creatures that are here mentioned all illustrate the wonderful way in which the disadvantages of weakness may be overcome by some countervailing quality.

In the spiritual world Christianity teaches us to look for the triumph of weakness—the weak things of the world confounding the things which are mighty 1 Corinthians Now, we have illustrations from nature for the same principle.

Each of the four creatures teaches us its own special lesson, as each conquers its weakness by some separate and distinctive quality.

The ant succeeds by foresight, the coney by finding shelter, the locust by organization, and the lizard by quiet persistency.

This is a triumph of wind. The ant is in some respects the most wonderful creature in the world; for it seems to be about equal in intelligence to the elephant, which is not only the greatest, but also the most intelligent of the larger animals.

A bull, so immensely greater than an ant in body, is far smaller in mind. Similarly, man's lordship over the animal world is a triumph of mental power.

The driver is weaker in body than the horse he drives, but he has a stronger mind. We shall triumph in the world just in proportion as we develop our inner life.

This is a triumph of industry. The ant rebukes the sluggard Proverbs It is a triumph of patience. The ant toils for the future. Herein is its true strength.

Men who care only for the passing moment are shallow and weak. We are strong in proportion as we live in the future. But their instinct leads them to live among the rocks, and hide themselves in dark caves and inaccessible crevices.

Thus the strength of the hills is theirs. When there is no hope of holding our ground in the open field, we may find shelter in the Rock of Ages.

If souls have their instincts in a healthy condition, these will drive them to the true shelter, and there weakness will be safe. Though the locusts have no king, they are able to make successful marches over miles of country, and to completely devastate the lands they visit.

They do not waste their time by flying hither and thither, and by opposing one another. They all move on in solid phalanx.

This instinctive order secures success. It teaches us that the welfare of the individual must be subordinate to that of the community.

If a small stream has to be crossed, the myriads of locusts who are so unfortunate as to be in the van of the mighty army fall in and fill up the bed till they make a causeway that can be used by their fellows.

The victory of man is got through the suffering and death of many self-sacrificing heroes. In the Church the cause of Christ will best triumph when all Christians move together in harmony, all seeking to win the world for the kingdom of heaven.

The little lizard is found in king's palaces because he can stick to the walls, and so run into unlooked for places out of the way of men.

It is a great thing to be able to hold on. Quiet perseverance wins many a victory. Patient endurance is crowned in the end with glorious success.

In the highest things, "he that endureth unto the end, the same shall be saved" Mark Each of the four here brought before us excites admiration for a successful course.

As in former illustrations, the images rise up to a climax, and what is exhibited separately in the earlier ones is united and completed in the final image.

True success is good. There are various forms of success. Some are more disgraceful than failure. A low end easily won, or a desirable goal reached by foul means, gives a worthless and even a detestable victory.

But when both means and end are good, there is something admirable in success. This success is continuous. The most worthy triumph is not that of a sudden victory snatched at the end of a long, doubtful contest, but the carrying out of a course that is good throughout—a constant series of small daily victories over danger.

Thus the lion is admired, not merely because he can bring down his prey by means of a long chase, or after patiently waiting for it in ambush, but because "he turneth not away for any," and of all four the excellence is that they "go well.

This success is measured by the difficulties overcome. We gauge strength by what it can do, and the best standard may not give visible results in acquisition.

The proof may be seen more in triumph over obstacles. He who persists through all hardship and danger enduring to the end, and faithful unto death, is the true soldier of Christ.

The good and admirable may be of different forms. Success of the highest kind will be got by each using his own talents, not by any vainly imitating those of another.

The lion cannot copy the goat's agility, nor the greyhound the lion's strength. Four methods of success are here suggested. Success may be won by indomitable energy.

This is the characteristic of the lion. He is strong, and he "turneth not away for any. It may be got by swiftness.

The greyhound is a feeble creature compared to the lion. Its glory is in its speed. There is a victory for nimbleness of mind as well as of body.

It may be reached by agility , The hound can fly like the wind over the plain; and the he goat can pick its way among the crags of the precipice and climb to dizzy heights.

They are not like the eagle that soars on its wings, for the quadruped must always have some foothold, but with this it can stand without fear in the most precarious positions.

Skilful agility will enable one to triumph over difficulties, escape snares and pitfalls, and rise to daring heights.

It may be attained by human qualities. Man is feeble as a coney compared to the lion, slow as a tortoise in the presence of the greyhound, lame and timorous beside that audacious mountaineer the goat.

But he can master and outdo all these creatures by the use of mental and spiritual powers. Each of the four is known by its success, as none would be known if the animals were caged in a menagerie, and the king left to enjoy empty pageantry.

The kingly faculty is not only recognized on a throne. As the power to govern, it is witnessed in business, in society, and in intellectual regions.

There are born kings. We see how stirring times bring such men to the front as the Civil Wars revealed Cromwell. The noblest earthly career is to be a true leader of men.

He who stands at the head of the great human family was and is a Divine King, and his triumph is in his ruling even through shame and death.

It is not always equally demanded of us. There are times for expression, times when we should break reserve and give forth freely the thoughts and purposes of our souls.

But other times demand peculiar self-suppression. In rebuke of foolish vanity. Too much pretension must be humbled.

Selfish ambition must be cast down. In restraint of evil thinking. But the sooner the sin is checked the better, and it can be best checked before it has emerged in word or deed.

Expression emphasizes an evil thought. A publication of it makes it hurtful to others. The viper brood should be scotched in the nest.

It will prevent future evil. We cannot undo the past; we cannot deny our inner self. But at least we may seek for grace that the sin may proceed no further.

It will prepare for better conduct. In itself it is but negative. It has the merit of silence, it is a "masterly inactivity.

There is therefore a moment of silence, cessation, even death, in the act of conversion. We cannot proceed at once from evil living to good service.

Paul had his period of silence in Arabia. It would be an immense gain in this noisy age if we could practise more of the golden virtue. Frank and open natures are not able readily to recognize the merits of reticence, while, on the other hand, reserved and secretive natures shrink from a requisite confession.

There must be a perception of the evil of giving unrestrained went to one ' s thoughts and desires. Many people do not perceive the dangers of speech.

They blurt out the most unseemly things where the sensitive shrink into silence. But a horror of the harm that may be done by heedless words will assist in the cultivation of a habit of self-restraint.

There must be energy of will. The unrestrained nature that is a victim to every rousing impression is no better than an unwalled city open to the invasion of the first chance foe Proverbs Now, it is a work of Divine grace to strengthen the will so that the weak may acquire more control over themselves.

At the first blush of it there seems to be more energy in noisy, bustling restlessness, while quiet self-restraint appears inert.

But this results from a very superficial view of life. Nothing less than Heaven-sent grace can make us strong enough to keep silent under great provocation or to be still when the heart is boiling over with passion.

Agur's sayings: God's Word the fountain of all wisdom. These are the words, probably, of a believer in Jehovah who was a stranger in a foreign land.

Among the sworn foes of Israel and her faith, we have in him an example of Puritan rectitude, of unflinching fidelity to conscience, that is highly instructive.

The purity of God's eternal truth, and the safety of all believers in him Proverbs ,—this is his simple and sublime leading theme.

In vain had he sought to explore the unfathomable secret of his essence, by searching to find out the Almighty unto perfection.

It was higher than heaven—what could he do? This was substantially the confession, expressed in different forms, of all the great prophets. Compare the accounts of Isaiah's consecration, Jeremiah's and Ezekiel's.

True religion is rooted in this sense of the Divine mystery. All piety is shallow without it. In every conscious feeling, thought, aspiration, we are but travelling on the edge of a great abyss, moving towards an horizon which still recedes.

In our deeper moments we are all mystics, and there are times when all talk about God seems babble, and we would fain take refuge in the "sacred silence of the mind.

Verses 2, 3. No words are too self-contemptuous to express the sense of the immense gulf which separates our thought from God.

Applied to definable objects, our intelligence scents bright and piercing; applied to the Infinite Might and Wisdom and Purity, no better than the vacant gaze of the ox in the pasture.

Look into those beautiful brown eyes; there is a depth of pathos in them, but no "speculation," no power to grasp the unity and law of things that print themselves in pictures on the retina.

And what are we, though raised above the "creatures that lead a blind life within the brain," but helpless gazers into infinity?

Well did Sir Isaac Newton and all the great seers of science realize this feeling. Their consummate knowledge was, viewed on another side, consummate ignorance.

They had not thereby attained absolute wisdom, nor "won the knowledge of the Holy. Verse 4. One of the first principles laid down by the great Goethe was—Learn to distinguish between the accessible and the inaccessible in nature to your thought.

For want of this, theologians on the one hand, scientists on the other, have rushed into presumption in seeking to wrest the inscrutable secrets of nature from the hand of God.

The unknowableness of the first beginnings of things was recognized by the ancient thinker. The height of heaven, the movements of winds and waves, the changes of the earth's surface,—all may be brought under law; but the word "law" conceals the greater mystery—the nature of the Lawgiver himself.

God is not identical with law, any more than we are identical with speech. Law is but the partially understood speech of God to our intelligence.

Examine all the sublime names which have been given to God in the course of revelation, in the process of religious thought; behind them all ties the unutterable and unthinkable Somewhat.

Verse 5. To say that God is utterly unknowable is as great an error as to say that he is perfectly knowable by the human understanding: Such an admission must cut at the root of religion.

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Der Windhundrennverein Westfalen-Ruhr e. Der Verein bezweckt den Zusammenschluss von Besitzern von Windhunden mit dem Ziel, Windhundrennen als Windhundsport und darüber hinaus die Verbreitung der Windhundrassen zu fördern.

Thus the necessary experience was ready to hand although the actual design departed from usual paths by fitting the hydraulics to the cup tappets which were moving elements, An eleven pound spring in the center of the cup tappet was designed to balance out valve play increase or decrease, up to a working stroke of 0.

This worked perfectly in pretesting but a certain skepticism remained regarding possible peak revs since hydraulic systems had not proved too durable at such rpm figures.

Of course the wasn't designed for high rpm values as such since they were contrary to the basic concept which aimed at fulfillment of the stiffest emissions and noise regulations.

But since they desired a safety factor in this area as well, an interesting experiment was launched with the aid of the race department.

The projected hydraulic system was fitted to a four-cam version of the six-cylinder race engine and then entered in two events which settled the question once and for all.

On the brake this engine with hydraulic valve play adjustment even reached 8 rpm without the slightest trouble and all doubts were banished.

Since ease of maintenance was another important requirement, cylinder head bolts were developed which would not require re-tightening after the first installation.

A well-developed bolt pattern, deep-seated studs and the favorable qualities of tapered upper cylinder bores allowed this achievement without secondary measures.

The bolts are first tightened to The engine need not be run between the two procedures. In that interval the torque figure decreases by roughly 7 Ib.

Later torque checks are unnecessary. This engine design also demanded good oil circulation since high lateral and longitudinal acceleration values were expected on the one hand while the hydraulic valve.

This led to large intake cross sections with the oil intake pipe mouth shielded upwards to avoid funnel formation, as well as an efficient sickel pump with sintered steel wheels plus altered balance and rerouting measures and a specially designed oil sump.

The use of a single cog belt to drive the camshafts, oil and water pumps offered intriguing possibilities.

It would not only shorten overall engine length but also allow a simpler and more rational superstructure. However they were entering new territory here since the layout demanded a belt of more than six and a half feet, far longer than any in general use.

Preliminary tests were indicated. Mixture preparation would be handled by continuous manifold injection while both a normal exhaust system and one with a catalytic converter US were planned for the exhaust side: either to be suspended from the central frame.

Possible later use of this powerplant in motor racing was envisioned from the first design stage and its demands studied.

A memo in the file for 7 June notes: "In general, lightweight construction has taken precedence however it was realized too that success of this engine will depend to a large degree on rigidity particularly in view of the fact that a later sporting version will certainly become part of the program.

Additional forces accompanying an increase in rpms can be absorbed by selected materials as well as lightening the oscillating masses.

Breathing improvements would be necessary and achieved by increased dimensions for passages and valves which would also have to be inclined.

During the summer of work on parts which determined deadlines such as crankcase, crankshaft,. Priority was given to the crankcase since water distribution measurements had to be made prior to assembly.

A cog belt mock-up was constructed in August to conduct necessary advance tests of drive for the camshafts as well as oil and water pumps by means of a long, toothed belt.

Experiments with this mock-up ended positively and could be concluded with a hour endurance run in October.

The 82 inch cog belt to serve four drive functions presented surprisingly few problems on test and could be finalized. While the housing underwent water distribution measurements and basic testing other parts were arriving one after another and shortly before Christmas of Porsche could begin to build up the first complete engine.

The big moment came on 16 January when the first engine, a five-liter with carburetors, ran on one of the test brakes in the modern shops of Porsche's Weissach development center.

First bench tests of an all-new engine seldom last very long before something goes wrong and the was no exception. After a few minutes water splashed from the housing and the powerplant was shut down immediately.

What had happened? A crack had developed in the upper portion of the block, right in the middle of the vee, allowing water to penetrate to the outside as well as into the oil.

The source of this failure was soon traced. It came from excessive offset in the housing which was thus not up to demands. Thereafter offset was sharply limited and once a block was cast to this standard the engine was again ready for operation on 5 March, surviving its first test cycle without failure.

The usual adjustment runs took place in the following week with no major problems cropping up. Thus the first full-load endurance runs could begin on 12 March, designed to provide information on any weak spots.

Another block crack- this time in the lower housing - caused this test to be broken off after only 25 hours. The endurance test could be restarted on 21 March with a reinforced lower housing and this time the new engine ran beautifully: by 3 May the pre-planned running time of hours had been achieved with hours of that under merciless full load.

Disassembly which followed provided valuable knowledge for further experiments but also confirmed that their basic design was on the right path.

In particular, the "daring solution" of a block split at the level of the bearings, using different materials and an oil groove, had surmounted all challenges.

Meanwhile the induction manifold injection system Bosch K-Jetronic was ready and rebuilding only took a few days. On 11 May this engine ran for the first time with injection.

By June K-Jetronic had been matched to the engine with good results and cold start experiments could begin in the climate chamber.

An interesting phenomenon cropped up here: shaft seizure during the warm-up phase. Examination showed that piston skirts of a type used before were not sufficiently elastic to accommodate the close tolerances chosen as a noise reduction measure and this led to the seizures.

This difficulty was overcome with more elastic, full-skirted pistons. Installation tests, important to later engineering work, now began on a full-scale nose mock-up and they also achieved a successful hour endurance run using K-Jetronic, as well as the first noise measurements.

Tests in conjunction with the transaxle unit, on the bench and installed in V 3 an Audi test chassis, have been mentioned.

These concluded on 19 September, to end the initial development phase of the new engine. Clutch and gearbox developments had run parallel to those for the engine.

A generous two-plate clutch of 7. The five-speed gearbox naturally used proven Porsche synchromesh and was laid out as a direct-drive unit.

Cog sets and differential shared a one-piece housing of pressure-cast aluminum,. With project right in the middle of its actual experimental phase a fateful day dawned to throw all work and investment into question.

No matter how firmly an engineer may control his torque readings or lateral acceleration figures, he is helpless in the face of unforeseen external events.

But let us return briefly to the course of the project. In September Dr. Fuhrmann presented the latest styling stage to the partners and a few alterations were agreed upon while the basic form found ready approval from Board Chairman Dr.

Another presentation was held in July and design details were again discussed, particularly the integrated bumpers. It was agreed there would be a fast presentation on 19 November when the exterior shape and interior space would receive final approval.

Meanwhile, however, the Federal Republic of Germany along with many other lands was witnessing the spread of a trend which furrowed brows on the management floors of every automobile factory.

Using the catch phrase of poor life quality, politicians and citizen groups blasted the supposedly catastrophic consequences of an autodominated society.

An actual campaign against noise and pollution expanded to include damnation of traffic accidents and paving the landscape with roads and freeways.

They spoke of inner city destruction by personal transport and accused cars of being the scourge of society while lauding public transport on every side as the one mode deserving general support.

Automobile animosity in certain opinion-forming circles. A fourth war had broken out between the Arabs and Israel and a new weapon made headlines: the oil embargo triggering an energy crisis which had been in the air for some time.

Although this oil embargo had more psychological than actual impact, its effect was cataclysmic. Anti-car sentiment surged to the fore. In view of speed limits designed to save gasoline and Sunday driving bans, automobile sales slackened just at a time when increased fuel prices boosted an already considerable inflation rate, Porsche was particularly hard-hit and production projections for the - only recently a best seller in wide demand - had to be considerably reduced.

Auto animosity and an energy crisis hardly stimulate sales of high performance cars. In this atmosphere Board and stockholders met on 19 November in the car delivery hall of the Zuffenhausen plant to evaluate the latest state of body design with integrated bumpers.

They were very satisfied with results and even drank a champagne toast to the successful job and its creators, However, they were also aware of standing on the threshold of a difficult economic era whose end could not then be predicted.

Fuhrmann voiced what was on every mind: "we know we are Many questions clamored for attention in the days to follow, particularly since the full effects of this shock only became visible in the new year.

Could they even justify the high investment of such a project? Did any sport car have a chance? Might it be wiser to fall back on a smaller and more notably fuel-saving car?

Would it be better to diversify into other products such as cross-country vehicles or motorcycles? Or should they start designing streetcars?

Board and overseeing body made the only correct move in such a situation. Major investment decisions were temporarily set aside but the project was pursued.

Thus the experimental program suffered no grave interruption, although some limitations were unavoidable. In any case, the result was to postpone the start of production although there was no question but that the project could be put through if a later, affirmative decision were made.

Meanwhile they would monitor economic and political trends and form a basic plan for checking all alternatives. Those responsible had not lost their faith in sport cars nor in their own project and displayed the courage of their convictions.

Despite the postponement of a major production investment they didn't abandon development, showing confidence that the winds would change. During the following months crisis symptoms in the automobile industry became more and more frightening.

Layoffs pyramided, production at most factories had to be cut back drastically, recession gripped the entire economy. Before such a grim background completion of the first construction stage of the Weissach development center and celebration of "25 Years of Porsche" could hardly bring forth the high spirits such events normally evoke.

Meanwhile, a basis for decisions on possible alternatives had been worked out. To begin with they resurrected a target outline from the fall of which had not been pursued any further; the one calling for a four-seat Such a four-seater might appeal to a wider customer circle, thus offering a theoretically larger slice of the shrinking sport car cake.

Within a short time the studio provided new styling sketches, built 1 :5 models and finally produced a 1 :1 plasticine model for evaluation.

Other alternatives were also explored which might reduce investment costs and make a smaller series viable.

These ran from a with improved technology, via a with both new technology and a new skin or a with new exterior and front-wheel drive, all the way to a using technology.

The objective was to use a maximum number of common parts and still find a promising solution for the future. Since fuel consumption was topic number one in , many pointers favored a smaller-capacity engine.

Against this, however, were ranked expected noise norms which that powerplant could only meet with expensive shrouding. A number of other studies dealt with the supposition that production of customary sport cars would be drastically limited or entirely abandoned.

They debated the construction of various other vehicles such as cross-country passenger cars, recreational vehicles buggies or motorcycles.

In addition, distribution which had been returned under the wing of the Porsche AG, headed by new board member Lars Schmidt, drew up a market prognosis which investigated changing conditions.

The marketing people showed cautious optimism. They predicted a return to increased sales for the car industry generally but felt that exclusive sport cars would slip slightly in terms of market share while showing an increase in absolute figures.

This theory was confirmed by an outside opinion from market analyst Prof. Berndt Spiegel who defined the greater driving pleasure inherent in sport cars as remaining desirable in the future while considering a general limitation of automobiles to pure utilitarian functions as highly unlikely.

He made a comparison with skiing and. Furthermore, Prof. Spiegel recommended a clear limitation to large market areas; thus, loyalty to a pure sport car concept.

In effect; he wasn't in favor of the four-seater. A decisive meeting of Board and stockholders took place on 15 November , roughly a year after both oil embargo and temporary approval of the Probably the most important decision Porsche had made in many years was characterized by confidence in the future.

A green light was given: the would be built in its original form and would go into production as a parallel model to the Thus the original concept was declared correct.

It had survived oil embargo, auto price increases and the recession without the need for basic rethinking. Apart from the operational delay which had no adverse effects.

Now the buyer could decide in whether the prognosis had really been correct. Then it would be clear whether those responsible for Porsche's destiny had bet their optimism and courage on the right car.

One concrete consequence did stem from all this. The question of whether it would be better in view of desired fuel economy to utilize the designed-in capacity span and reduce engine size received study.

They discussed 4. In January capacity was finally fixed at 4. Figures for the proposed 4. To properly understand further chapters in this development history we should cast a glance here at the various mobile test beds and prototypes used from right up to the opening of production.

V1 Mercedes SL served, as already described, during preliminary transaxle experiments and was used from July onwards. At the beginning of V1 received the MB three-speed automatic with torque converter intended for the as well, and initial transaxle experiments were made, still using the original MB engine.

In July a final change to engine and front axle was madeV2 Opel Admiral was used for the first time in October for preliminary chassis tests.

Front and rear suspension were made adjustable to optimize handling qualities. In October basic research was initiated with a steerable rear axle when the problem of tuck-in under load change had to be solved.

V3 Audi Coupe became the first vehicle to test the complete drive line unit in September , using the platform and front section with altered wheel housings and suspension location.

This car was stretched to the necessary overall width by bulging fender extensions and taken on two major African tests as well as a Mont Ventoux mountain experiment.

At the beginning of it was converted to automatic gearbox. V4 Audi Coupe didn't receive wider fenders. Instead it was cut down the middle and widened overall by 4.

This vehicle had the entire platform, the five-liter K-Jetronic engine and transaxle with manual gearbox. It was used in chassis and engine tests from July of on.

V5 Audi Coupe corresponded in technical basics to V4 and as of the end of was used in chassis experiments, fitted with the ultimate rear axle although it did not yet have the control link, Munga was a bare chassis created in November and used for engine experiments.

It was given the name of Germany's army jeep in deference to its off-road looks. This airy vehicle was really only driveable to a limited extent but testers enjoyed it tremendously around the Weissach grounds, It had a five-liter carburetor engine and transaxle with racing gearbox from the Next came those actual prototypes which carried through the test program, beginning in , K 1 from January was the first of all prototypes, had a plastic skin and was only partially mobile.

It was used for body tests and functional testing of heater, vents and electrics, later for emissions tests on the chassis dynamometer.

Used for chassis testing. In addition it was used for tests and endurance runs in the climate chamber and on the rolling brake. Performed winter tests on the Turrach with the first 4.

Like W 1 technically, this car completed the first condensed-time endurance run at Weissach as well as acoustic and engine tests.

It was completed in time for the decisive meeting of Board and stockholders and formed the basis for their decisions.

Good handling qualities were convincing. Equipment: 5 liter K-Jetronic engine, transaxle with manual gearbox but improved rear axle with track rods for controlled self-steering.

W 3 was used in various driving tests and in the summer of went to Algeria for African tests where a photographer managed to capture a sneak photo shown widely in the press.

Carrying body camouflage of hard foam it made extensive runs on public German roads. Later underwent a definitive change to the Weissach rear axle, had its platform rebuilt to the final configuration and received overall chassis adjustments suitable for production.

Survived two condensed-time endurance runs to become an experimental vehicle for engine tests. Also; temperature measurement runs on the high-speed Ehra track and Mont Ventoux as well as winter testing on the Turrach and chassis dynamometer tests.

Last prototype of construction stage one, fitted with 4,5 liter K-Jetronic engine and first three-speed automatic with torque converter to be tried in a Test program; automatic gearbox experiments, temperature and brake tests at Ehra, preparations for national type fixing, body tests, African trips and openroad endurance runs.

W 6 was used for chassis tuning, then served as presentation car for Marketing. Further test program; body tests, African runs and wind tunnel.

The car was then subjected to a frontal crash test at Weissach. Like W6 technically. Program; chassis tuning for production, type fixing measurements, body tests, component dampening experiments, general driving tests and measurements.

Also used for internal introductions and in January for reconnaissance runs prior to the press presentation. Final pre-production version, Completed endurance program at Weissach and eventually destroyed in a crash test.

Like W8 technically. Used for highway endurance testing. Used for acoustic and vibration tests. Also to production standards but fitted with automatic gearbox.

Finnish winter tests and later used in automatic experiments. Final prototype, a technical match for pilot series cars begun in the meantime. Served for general chassis testing.

In addition to these nineteen mobile test beds and prototypes six more vehicles were built for crash testing alone, some as partial cars.

Furthermore, there were various sub-assemblies such as rear mock-ups for static testing. The estimated overall driving tally for the various mobile test beds and prototypes on the Weissach and Ehra test tracks and road surfaces of all kinds - from freeway to Algerian desert track - as well as on chassis dynamometers, comes to over , miles and that refers only to actual effective distance covered.

If we include the multiplication factor for condensed-time endurance runs it would add another , miles. An absolute maximum was extracted from every single prototype since they had to make do with as few of these costly vehicles as possible.

Therefore a great deal of valuable preliminary work was performed with the mobile test beds as well as with cars not listed here.

Chassis development went forward as intensively as work on transaxle or engine, particularly since outstanding handling and high road safety were explicit development goals.

With especially stiff demands placed on any high performance car it was decided to undertake expensive preliminary testing in the chassis realm as well.

The most important chassis data, including spring travel, castor, steering offset and the anti-dive factor were determined between the Testing, Pre-development and Design departments soon after the beginning of The first sketches for twin transverse link suspension, front and rear, were prepared by 25 January.

Preliminary experiments could begin. A converted received an adjustable front axle unit with characteristics intended for the Axle loads in this car were adjusted to conditions expected in the for test purposes.

Driving began in the spring and lasted through the summer. The experimental department reported results of these preliminary tests at a general meeting of project groups on 1 September Their work indicated front axle problems could be solved with existing knowledge but the rear suspension was another matter, A phenomenon had been observed in back which is typical of high performance vehicles capable of high lateral acceleration values and one which had already given cause for earlier basic thought: the "tuck-in" accompanying load changes - such as lifting off the gas or braking.

This tuck-in is a sudden oversteer tendency which can be observed best when a driver removes his foot from the throttle abruptly in. It is caused by elastic toe-in alteration at the rear wheels with load changes and stems from "soft" suspension bushings.

In race cars where comfort is unimportant the problem is solved by "hard" suspension bushings-a solution which can't be applied to road cars.

The experimental team had already conducted elastokinematic tests with both and in pursuit of his theme during Working with Pre-development they had tried a wide range of possible solutions, finding none which provided the desired degree of success.

They knew all too well how difficult it would be to solve this problem. Thus Pre-development noted in a basic report on 3 December ".

They saw an unresolved problem which had to be mastered for any sport car aspiring to a future. This subject continued to dart around their heads to such an extent that many engineers and technicians were even sketching possible solutions on scraps of paper or napkins in the cantine.

Some were confiscating construction toy sets from their children in the evening to set up tests of the principle.

This led to a rich fund of comic episodes - such as the children who discovered results of one-such late-night brain session next morning and took them apart which left their much-plagued daddy back at square one.

Further information would be sought from V2, the Opel Admiral which was fitted with the suspension a was to use.

Tests with this Admiral could begin in October but Pre-development presented a working paper even earlier which continued the discussions of 1 September and contained new suggestions for a solution since Testing was not satisfied with experiments using angled rubber bushings.

In this paper of 13 September Pre-development favored a pivot point for the rear suspension which would lie outside the track, seen in plan view, and they made a firm suggestion that the transverse link be divided into two components, giving a trapeze form which would shift forward at the wheel side under longitudinal loading.

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1 comments

Ich bin endlich, ich tue Abbitte, aber es kommt mir nicht heran. Ich werde weiter suchen.

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